GK in pdf

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scientific name of plants

Major Inventions and their inventor

There are lots of plant species present in this world.It is very difficult to identify them, Scientists have given each and every recognised species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts - a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial.

The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. It starts with capital letters.The second part, specific name (epithet) following the generic name is written in lower case letter .Lets take an example, the scientific name name of Apple is Pyrus malus, here Pyrus is genric part and malus is specific.Generic and specific names are generally written in Latin or are Latinised words of other languages.

scintific name of plants
Scientific Names of Plant/Trees/Vegetables/Fruits
Common Name Scientific Name
Neem Azadhirachta indica
Apple Pyrus malus
Banana Musa paradisicum
Bamboo Bamboosa aridinarifolia
Brinjal Solanum melongena
Black Gram Palsoes mungo
Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Clove Syzygium aromaticum
Carrot Daucas carota
Cucumber Cucumis sativas
Capsicum Capsicum fruitscence
Chiku Achras sapota
Chilies Capsicum annuum
Cotton Gossypium herbaceum
Green Gram Phaseolies auicus
Guava Psidium guava
Ginger Zingiber officinale
Garlic Allium sativum
Grapes Vitis Vinifera
Jack fruit Artocarpus integra
Jowar Sorghum Vulgare
Kadamb Anthocephalus indicus
Lemon Citrus limonium
Letchi Litchi Chinensis
Lotus Nelumbo Nucifera
Maize Zea mays
Mango Mangifera indica
Onion Allium cepa
Orange Citrus aurantium
Potato Solanum tubersum
Pomegranate Punica granatum
Peacock Flower (Gulmohar) Delonix regia rafin
Purple orchid tree (Kachnar) Bauhinia purpurea
Peepal Ficus religiosa Linn.
Pineapple Ananus sativus
Pea Pisum Sativum
Papaya Carica Papaya
Radish Raphanus sativus
Rice Oryza sativa
Silver Oak Grevillea robusta
Sandalwood Santalum album
Spinach Lactuca sativa
Turmeric Curcuma longa
Tobacco Nicotina tobaccum
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum
Teak Tectona grandis Linn.
Tamarind tree Tamarindus indica
Tomato Lycopersican esculentum
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris
Wheat Triticum Aestivum



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