Fungi are the enigmati organisms on the earth. Fungi was first discovered by Heinrich Anton de bary.Fungi are a touch bit like plant life, and more like animals than you would possibly think. They diverged from protists about one billion years ago, and nowadays scientists estimate that there are approximately 1.5 million species of Fungi on this planet, though in a formal, taxonomic manner, we simplest realize about a hundred 100,000 or so of them. And those that we've got met are remarkable, weird, and, in a few cases, deadly. And the reality is, dying is pretty lots what fungi are all about. Certain, there are the a laugh fungi, like the single-celled Saccharomyces, also known as yeast. Without them, we wouldn't have beer, wine or bread.It's also actual that fungi are liable for all sorts of illnesses, from athlete's foot to probably deadly histoplasmosis, aka spelunker's lung, as a result of fungus located in bird and bat droppings. Fungi may even make humans crazy.

diseases caused by Fungi
While the fungus Claviceps purpurea grows on grains used to make bread and beer, it causes gangrene, worried spasms, burning sensations, hallucinations, and temporary insanity. One compound in this fungus, lysergic acid, is the raw material used to make LSD. And eventually there is the destruction that a few fungi carry onto different animals: greater than 6 million bats in North America have died for the reason that just 2007, due to a fungal disorder referred to as white nostril syndrome. And a fungus has been implicated in several extinctions of amphibians and threatens many more, possibly as many as a third of all amphibians on the earth. Some individuals of the fungus own family are overall bummers, all of them collectively perform perhaps the maximum crucial feature within the global food internet: They feast party at the deceased stays of almost all organisms on the planet. And through doing that, they convert the natural rely that we're all manufactured from back into soil, from which new lifestyles will spring. So, fungi: They thrive on death, and within the manner, make all life possible. Yeast were able to acquire strength with the aid of decomposing materials that contained oxygen. We now understand that Pasteur become observing yeast undergoing the technique of anaerobic respiratory, aka fermentation, breaking down the sugars in grains like malted barley, and changing them into alcohol, carbon dioxide and the variety of flavors that we associate with beer.

Human diseases caused by Fungi
Human Disease Fungus
Aspergillosis Aspergillus flavus, A.fumigatus,A.niger
Blastomycosis Blastomyces dermatitidis
Candidiasis Candida albicans
Chromomycosis Cladosporium corrionii
Coccidiomycosis Coccidiodes immitis
Cryptococcosis Lipomyces neoformans
Geotrichosis Geotrichum candidum
Histoplasmois Histoplasma Capsultum
Neuritis Mucor pusillus
Onychomycosis Trichophyton purpureum
Sportotrichosis Sportotrichum schenkii
Animal Diseases caused by Fungi
Disease Fungus
Athelete foot Tinea Rubrum
Ringworm Trichophyton,Microsporum, Epidermophyton
Mucomycosis Mucor,Rhizopus
Aspergillosis Aspergillus
Penicilliosis Penicillium
Some plants diseases caused by Fungi
• Late Blight in potato is caused by Phytopthora Infestans.
• Brown Rust in wheat is caused by Puccinia.

Note:- Some beneficial Fungus
• It converts sugar into alcohol.
• It use in bakery
• Digestive compounds are present in it.
• It was discovered by Alexender Fleming in 1928.
• It is a blue colour fungus.
• It grows on rotten vegetable,fruits, meat of dead animals.